How to make filter coffee

Coffee is one of the most beloved beverages in the world. It's an essential part of many people's daily routine and can help you start your day on the right note. While there are many ways to make coffee, filter coffee remains a favourite for many. Its simplicity, aroma, and taste make it a go-to option for coffee lovers who want to sip on a delicious cup of joe. In this article, we will show you how to make filter coffee with a few easy steps.

Gather the Necessary Supplies to Make Filter Coffee

Before brewing your coffee, you need to gather all the necessary supplies to ensure a smooth process:

Now that you know all the necessary supplies for brewing filter coffee, make sure you have them all on hand before starting the brewing process. Happy brewing!

Measure your coffee beans

The ideal ratio of coffee to water is 1:15, which means for every gram of coffee, you need 15 grams of water. This ratio ensures that you get the perfect balance of flavour and strength in your coffee. So, if you're making a standard 8 oz cup of coffee, you will need around 15 grams of coffee beans.

Grind your coffee beans

The grind size of your coffee beans is crucial in determining the taste of your coffee. If the grind size is too fine, your coffee will taste bitter, and if it's too coarse, it will taste weak. For a filter coffee, a medium-coarse grind is ideal, as it allows the water to pass through the coffee grounds at the perfect rate, resulting in a well-balanced cup of coffee.

Using a French press? You'll need a coarser grind as the coffee grounds need to be large enough to be filtered out by the plunger. If you're using an espresso machine, you'll need a very fine grind as the water needs to pass through the coffee grounds quickly to extract the rich and bold flavour.

It's worth noting that you can also buy pre-ground coffee from the store if you prefer. However, it's important to check the packaging and ensure that the grind size is suitable for your brewing method.

Boil the Water for Brewing

To start, fill your kettle with enough water to make a cup of coffee. It's important to use filtered water if possible, as it can help remove impurities and improve the overall taste of the coffee.

Once you've filled the kettle, place it on the stove and turn the heat on high. As you wait for the water to boil, take a moment to appreciate the sound of the kettle as it heats up. The gentle hum and whistle of the kettle can be soothing and calming, making it the perfect start to your morning routine.

If you live in the UK - like me - you can use a standard electric kettle. However, a stovetop kettle allows you to control the heat more accurately, allowing for a better tasting brew.

As soon as the water reaches boiling point, remove the kettle from the heat and let it cool for a minute. This will allow the water to reach the ideal brewing temperature, which is between 90-96°C. This temperature range is optimal for extracting the full flavour and aroma of the coffee beans, ensuring a rich and satisfying cup of coffee.

Place the Coffee Filter in the Coffee Maker

When it comes to choosing the right coffee filter, there are a few options to consider. Some coffee makers come with a reusable metal filter, while others require paper filters. If you're using a paper filter, it's important to choose the right size for your coffee maker. Most coffee makers will require a standard #4 cone filter, but be sure to check your owner's manual to confirm.

Once you've selected the appropriate filter, carefully place it in the filter basket of your coffee maker. You want to make sure that it fits snugly into the basket and that there are no loose ends hanging out. If you're using a cone-shaped filter, be sure to fold the crimped edges over the sides of the basket to ensure a secure fit.

It's also important to note that some coffee makers have a water filter built in. This filter helps to remove impurities from the water, resulting in a better tasting cup of coffee. If your coffee maker has a water filter, be sure to replace it regularly to ensure optimal performance.

Pour the Ground Coffee into the Filter

Now, pour the ground coffee into the paper filter. Spread the grounds evenly across the filter so that they brew evenly.

As you pour the coffee into the filter, take care not to overfill it.

Once you've poured the coffee into the filter, give it a little shake to even out the grounds. This will help ensure that the water passes through all of the coffee evenly, resulting in a perfectly brewed cup.

Pour the Boiling Water Over the Grounds

Slowly pour the hot water over the coffee grounds in a circular motion. Make sure that you cover all the grounds and try not to pour too much water in one spot.

Stir the Coffee Grounds and Water Mixture

Using a spoon, give the coffee grounds and water mixture a quick stir to ensure that they're well combined. This will help the coffee extract evenly and give you a well-balanced cup of coffee.

Allow the Coffee to Steep

Let the coffee steep for 2-8 minutes, depending on how strong you want the coffee to be. The longer it steeps, the stronger the coffee will be.

Remove the Filter and Enjoy Your Coffee

Once the coffee has brewed, carefully remove the filter from the coffee maker. Pour the coffee into your favourite mug and enjoy!

Tips and Tricks for the Perfect Cup of Filter Coffee

Here are a few tips and tricks to help you make the perfect cup of filter coffee:

With these tips, you can make a delicious cup of filter coffee every time.


Filter coffee is a simple yet satisfying way to enjoy a cup of coffee. With a few easy steps, you can make a delicious cup of coffee that's perfect for starting your day or enjoying with friends. By following the tips and guidelines we've outlined, you will be well on your way to making the perfect cup of filter coffee.

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