How to Make a Perfect Flat White: Tips & Tricks for Barista-Quality Coffee

Joshua Allerton
February 21, 2024

I've always been a fan of bringing the coffee shop experience into my own kitchen. There's something incredibly satisfying about crafting the perfect cup of coffee with your own hands. Today, I'm excited to share with you how to make a flat white coffee, a beloved classic that combines the intensity of espresso with the creaminess of steamed milk.

Making a flat white at home isn't just about saving a trip to the café; it's about taking control of your coffee experience. With a few simple steps and tips, you'll be sipping on a café-quality flat white without stepping foot outside your door. Let's dive into the art of making this delightful beverage right in your own kitchen.

Selecting the Right Coffee Beans

Picking the right coffee beans is a crucial step in creating that perfect flat white at home. It's all about finding that sweet spot between the boldness of espresso and the silky texture of steamed milk. Let's dive into how to choose the best beans for your homemade flat white.

First and foremost, freshness is key. Always look for beans that have been roasted recently, preferably within the last month. Fresh beans mean more flavour and a better crema on your espresso, which is essential for a top-notch flat white.

Next up, consider the roast. For a flat white, you'll want to lean towards a medium to dark roast. These roasts highlight the caramel and chocolate notes of the coffee, which beautifully complements the creamy milk. Avoid very light roasts, as their subtle flavour profiles can get lost amidst the milk.

Here’s a quick rundown of what to look for:

  • Freshness: Roasted within the last month
  • Roast level: Medium to dark
  • Flavour notes: Caramel, chocolate, or nutty

When it comes to coffee bean origins, there's a bit of personal preference at play. Still, beans from South America or Central America are a fantastic starting point. They tend to have those rich, chocolatey notes that work wonders in a flat white.

With the right beans in hand, you're well on your way to making an exceptional flat white at home. Remember, the beauty of coffee making is experimenting with different beans and finding what hits the spot for you. So, don't be afraid to try various brands or origins until you find your perfect match.

Grinding the Coffee to Perfection

Once you've picked the right beans for your flat white, the next step is getting the grind just right. The perfect grind is crucial for a flawless cup. Here's how I make sure my coffee grounds are ideal for a flat white.

First off, you'll need a good quality burr grinder. Trust me, it makes all the difference. Unlike blade grinders, burr grinders produce consistent, uniform grounds, which is key for extracting the full flavour. For a flat white, you're aiming for a fine grind, but not as fine as you'd go for an espresso. Think table salt texture—fine but not powdery. This texture ensures the water can pass through the coffee at the right speed, extracting its rich flavours without over or under-extraction.

Here's a simple step-by-step to grinding coffee for a flat white:

  1. Measure Your Coffee: I always use 18 grams of coffee beans for a double shot of espresso—the foundation of a flat white. This ratio has never failed me.
  2. Set Your Grinder: Aim for a setting slightly coarser than an espresso grind. If your grinder has settings from 1 (finest) to 10 (coarsest), you'll want to be around a 3 or 4.
  3. Grind Your Beans: Pour the beans into your grinder, check the settings, and let it work its magic.
  4. Check the Consistency: Once ground, your coffee should resemble table salt. If it's too coarse, adjust your grinder a notch finer, if too fine, go a touch coarser.

Why the Right Grind Matters

The grind size influences extraction, which is how the flavours and aromas are pulled out of the beans during the brewing process. A grind that's too fine can lead to over-extraction, making your coffee bitter, while too coarse a grind might under-extract, resulting in a weak, sour cup.

Remember, making coffee is as much an art as it is a science. Don't be afraid to experiment to find the grind that works best for your taste. Each batch of beans can be different, so what worked last time might need tweaking. Keep tasting and adjusting until you hit your sweet spot.

Frothing the Milk

After getting the grind right, it's crucial to pay the same attention to frothing the milk. I'll guide you through each step to achieve that silky texture, which is characteristic of a great flat white.

Firstly, choose full-fat milk; it froths better due to its fat content, which leads to a creamier texture. Here's how I do it:

  1. Chill Your Pitcher and Milk: Start with a cold pitcher and milk straight from the fridge. The low temperature increases the time window for achieving the perfect froth.
  2. Fill the Pitcher: Fill your pitcher to about a third. This allows enough room for the milk to expand without spilling over.
  3. Position the Steam Wand: Submerge the tip of the steam wand just below the surface of the milk. I aim to create a vortex—this circular motion helps incorporate air evenly, which is key.
  4. Start Frothing: Turn on the steam wand. Keep the tip just below the surface as the milk starts to froth. Once you see foam forming, lower the pitcher gradually to heat the milk uniformly. It's a delicate balance between incorporating air and avoiding large bubbles.
  5. Monitor the Temperature: I use my hand to gauge the pitcher's warmth. Once it's too hot to touch, that's my cue that the milk is ready, typically around 65°C (149°F).
  6. Tap and Swirl: Knock the pitcher against the countertop to burst any large bubbles, then swirl the milk in the pitcher. It should have a glossy, smooth appearance, resembling wet paint.
Milk TypeResults
Full-FatCreamier texture
SkimmedLess body
SoySlightly sweeter

I've found full-fat milk offers the best creaminess and body for a flat white, but feel free to experiment with alternatives if you prefer.

Achieving the perfect milk temperature and texture might take a few tries, but it's well worth the effort. Don't be discouraged if it doesn't come out perfectly the first time. Practice definitely makes perfect in the quest for your ideal flat white.

Pouring the Perfect Flat White

Once you've mastered the art of frothing milk to perfection, you're ready to embark on the final, and possibly most satisfying, stage of making a flat white—the pour. This step is where your coffee comes to life, blending the rich espresso with the silky-smooth milk to create that iconic beverage celebrated by coffee enthusiasts around the globe.

Pouring might seem straightforward, but it's an art form in itself. To get it right, here's what I do:

  • Start With the Right Foundation: I ensure my espresso shot is perfectly brewed, ideally in a warm cup. This serves as the base of our flat white.
  • Temperature is Key: My frothed milk is always at the right temperature, between 55°C to 62°C, which keeps it within the optimal range for that velvety texture without scalding it.
  • The Pour Begins: I hold my cup at an angle and start pouring the milk from a height, slowly at first. This allows the milk to mix well with the espresso.
  • Level Out: As the cup fills, I bring it level and continue to pour steadily. If you're aiming for latte art, this is the moment your skill comes into play.
  • The Final Touch: For a flat white, the goal isn't so much about the art on top (though a little flourish never hurts) but achieving that silky, smooth integration between espresso and milk, with a thin layer of microfoam on top.

Remember, making the perfect flat white is as much about the journey as it is about the destination. It's a process that calls for patience, practice, and a bit of creativity. Whether you're a seasoned barista or a home coffee enthusiast, each cup offers a new opportunity to refine your skills and indulge in the rich, comforting flavours of a well-made flat white. Experiment with the pour speed and height to find what works best for you. After all, the beauty of coffee making lies in its variability and the personal touch each brewer brings to their creation.

Adding the Finishing Touches

Once I've mastered the pour and my flat white begins to take shape, it's time to add those all-important finishing touches that elevate the drink from good to great. It's not just about taste; visual appeal plays a huge part in crafting the perfect cup.

Starting with the microfoam, the aim is to create a texture that's silky and luxurious, one that seamlessly integrates with the espresso without overwhelming it. I find that aiming for a glossy finish, reminiscent of wet paint, indicates that I've hit the right consistency.

For those of us keen on adding a bit of flair with latte art, it's essential to keep the pour steady and the movements confident. Here's a quick step-by-step to achieve a simple but impressive design:

  1. Begin with your cup slightly tilted.
  2. Pour the milk from a low height to start, increasing as the cup fills.
  3. Once the cup is about three-quarters full, I straighten it out and get ready to create the design.
  4. By gently wiggling the pitcher back and forth while continuing to pour, I can create a zig-zag or leaf pattern.
  5. Finally, pulling a quick line through the pattern I've made adds the final touch to the design.

It's crucial to remember, the temperature of both the espresso and the milk should be just right—not too hot, not too cold. This ensures not only a satisfying sip but also helps in maintaining the integrity of the coffee flavour and the foam's texture.

Maintaining a ritual of tasting and adjusting as I go ensures each cup of flat white I make fully embraces the bold espresso and creamy milk in harmony. Experimenting with different beans and milk alternatives can also offer unique flavours and textures, allowing my flat white to continually evolve.


Mastering the art of a perfect flat white is an enjoyable journey that rewards patience and practice. I've shared insights on achieving that silky microfoam and the importance of temperature control to ensure each sip is as satisfying as the last. Remember, the key lies in the balance between bold espresso and creamy milk, with a touch of personal flair through latte art if you're up for the challenge. Don't shy away from experimenting with different beans and milk alternatives to find your unique twist on this classic. With these tips in mind, you're well on your way to crafting a flat white that not only looks professional but tastes exceptional too. Happy brewing!

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