How to Make Café Crema Coffee: A Step-by-Step Guide

Joshua Allerton
February 21, 2024

I've always been a firm believer that the best cup of coffee is the one you make yourself. That's why I'm thrilled to share my secrets on how to whip up a café crema that rivals any coffee shop's offering. It's not just about saving a trip to the café; it's about crafting something special in the comfort of your own kitchen.

Making café crema at home might sound daunting, but I promise it's simpler than you think. With a few expert tips and the right tools, you'll be sipping on a rich, velvety café crema in no time. Let's dive into the art of making this luxurious coffee, so you can impress your taste buds and perhaps even a guest or two.

Selecting the Right Coffee Beans

When I embarked on my journey to create that perfect cup of café crema, Selecting the Right Coffee Beans was a step I couldn't overlook. The beans aren't just the foundation of your coffee; they're the heart and soul that dictate flavour, aroma, and crema quality. With a plethora of options out there, here's how I narrow it down to ensure each sip is as satisfying as visiting your local café.

First off, freshness is paramount. Coffee, much like any other perishable good, has its peak. Ideally, you’ll want beans that have been roasted within the last two weeks. This ensures the essential oils, responsible for coffee's mouthwatering aroma and flavour, are still intact.

Next, we need to talk about origin. Single-origin beans are often recommended for café crema due to their unique profiles and quality. Each region imparts its own character to the beans, influencing their acidity, body, and undertones. Personally, I've found that beans from Central and South America are particularly well-suited for café crema, offering a beautiful balance of brightness and chocolatey notes.

Lastly, the roast level can dramatically affect the outcome. A medium roast is ideal for café crema. It strikes the right balance between retaining the bean's inherent flavours and introducing that delightful roasted complexity. Dark roasts, while popular, can often overshadow the more delicate notes you want shining through in your café crema.

Armed with these tips, selecting your coffee beans should be less daunting. Remember, the best bean is the one that aligns with your taste preference. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different origins and roasts. Finding your perfect match is part of the fun and once you do, you’ll be well on your way to crafting café-quality crema right in your own kitchen.

Grinding the Coffee to Perfection

After selecting the ideal coffee beans for your café crema, the next step is crucial: Grinding the Coffee to Perfection. It's not just about grinding the beans; it's about unlocking the full potential of those beans to achieve a magical cup of coffee.

Grinding the beans right before brewing is key. This preserves the freshness and ensures the essential oils and flavours don’t dissipate. I've found that for café crema, a fine grind, akin to table salt, works best. It provides the right amount of resistance to water, ensuring a smooth, aromatic extraction without being too quick or too slow.

Here's a simple, foolproof method I follow to grind my beans:

  1. Measure Your Beans: Start with about 18 grams of coffee beans for a double shot of café crema. This is usually enough for an aromatic and strong cup.
  2. Adjust Your Grinder: Set your grinder to a fine setting. If it’s your first time, you might need to experiment to find the perfect grind size. Remember, you’re aiming for a consistency similar to table salt.
  3. Grind the Beans: Pour the measured beans into your grinder and start the grinding process. Shake the grinder gently if necessary, to ensure an even grind.
  4. Check the Consistency: After grinding, check the consistency of the coffee grounds. They should be fine but not so powdered that they clump together. If necessary, adjust your grinder and grind a new batch.

It's important not to underestimate the impact of grinding on the taste of your coffee. The right grind size facilitates optimal extraction, which is critical for achieving that rich, velvety layer of crema. In my journey to making café-quality coffee at home, I've learned that taking the time to grind my beans properly makes all the difference. Experimentation and patience are your friends here; so don't be afraid to adjust and try again until you find the sweet spot.

Brewing the Perfect Shot

Now that we've got our finely ground coffee, it's time to get to the heart of the matter: brewing that perfect shot of café crema. Trust me, with a bit of attention to detail, you'll be sipping on a café-quality cup in no time.

First things first, you'll need an espresso machine. Yes, the quality of your machine does play a role, but don't worry if you don't have the top-of-the-line model. It's more about how you use it. Here's a simple, straightforward method I've perfected:

  1. Preheat your espresso machine by pulling a shot of hot water through it. This ensures that your coffee doesn't come into contact with any surfaces that are too cool, which could affect the extraction process.
  2. Dose your coffee. Typically, for a double shot of café crema, you'd want to use about 18-20 grams of your finely ground coffee. It might vary slightly based on your machine and personal preference.
  3. Tamp the grounds evenly in the portafilter. The goal is to apply firm, even pressure to create a flat surface. This helps in extracting the coffee evenly, contributing to a smoother taste.
  4. Brew. Lock the portafilter into the machine and start your shot. A good café crema should take about 25-30 seconds to brew. Pay attention to the flow - it should start slow, thicken, and then gradually lighten in colour.

Here are a few key points to remember:

  • Water Temperature: Ideally should be around 91-96°C. Too hot or too cold can drastically change the taste.
  • Extraction Time: This is crucial for getting that rich crema. Too short, and you'll miss the complexity; too long, and it could become bitter.

Experimentation and patience are your best friends here. Every espresso machine is a bit different, and it may take a few tries to get everything just right. But once you do, the reward is a beautifully rich, smooth, and aromatic shot of café crema that's sure to impress.

Frothing Milk for the Creamy Finish

Once you've nailed the perfect shot of café crema, it's time to add that luxurious, creamy finish. I'll walk you through the simple steps to froth milk like a pro, ensuring your café crema is nothing short of perfection.

First things first, you'll need to choose your milk. While whole milk froths beautifully due to its fat content, don't be afraid to experiment with plant-based alternatives like oat or almond milk for a lighter option. Here’s how I do it:

  1. Pour cold milk into a frothing pitcher, filling it no more than halfway to allow space for the milk to expand.
  2. Preheat your espresso machine's steam wand by purging it, releasing any condensed water.
  3. Submerge the steam wand just below the surface of the milk and turn it on to full pressure. Keep the tip near the side of the pitcher to create a whirlpool effect.
  4. As the milk starts to froth, slowly lower the pitcher to incorporate air until the volume of the milk has doubled.
  5. Once you've reached the desired volume, submerge the wand deeper into the milk, continuing to heat it until it reaches a temperature of about 65°C (149°F). This is the sweet spot where milk becomes sweet and velvety, perfect for café crema.
  6. Give the pitcher a firm tap on the countertop to burst any large bubbles and swirl it gently to achieve that glossy, smooth texture.
  7. Pour the frothed milk over your brewed café crema, tilting the cup slightly for a smooth flow. If you're feeling adventurous, you can try your hand at some latte art!

Remember, making café crema with a creamy finish is as much an art as it is a science. It might take a few tries to get it just right, but the effort is definitely worth it. Keep practicing, and soon you'll be frothing milk like a seasoned barista, adding that perfect, creamy finish to your café crema.

Serving and Enjoying Your Café Crema

Once you've mastered the art of frothing milk for your café crema, it's time to serve and savour the fruits of your effort. I've found that the presentation and the way you enjoy this beverage can truly enhance the experience. Here are steps to ensure you're serving up this delightful drink just right:

  1. Preheat Your Cup: I always start by preheating my cup with hot water. This little step makes a world of difference by keeping your café crema warm for longer.
  2. Pour the Frothed Milk: With your espresso shot ready and your milk frothed to perfection, gently pour the milk into the espresso. Aim to create a creamy, velvety layer on top. If you're feeling adventurous, you can try your hand at some basic latte art. A simple heart or leaf can make your café crema look as good as it tastes.
  3. Add a Sweet Touch (Optional): While cafe crema is traditionally enjoyed as is, some prefer a bit of sweetness. You can add a dash of sugar, a spoonful of honey, or a drizzle of caramel, depending on your taste preferences.
  4. Garnish: This is where you can get creative. A sprinkle of cocoa powder, a few chocolate shavings, or even a light dusting of cinnamon can add an extra dimension to your café crema.
  5. Serve Immediately: Café crema is best enjoyed fresh. So, make sure to serve it immediately after preparation to savour its rich flavours and warm, frothy texture.

By following these simple steps, I've had many delightful café crema experiences. Remember, making café crema is an art form—every step from espresso extraction to milk frothing and serving plays a crucial role in creating the perfect cup. With a bit of practice and experimentation, you'll be able to craft café crema that impresses not just with its taste but with its presentation too. Whether it's a quiet morning at home or a bustling gathering among friends, a well-prepared café crema can truly enhance the moment.


Mastering café crema is not just about following steps; it's about embracing the process as an art form. I've shared how preheating your cup, perfecting the frothed milk, and adding your personal touch through sweetness and garnishes can elevate your coffee experience. Remember, the key lies in practice and allowing yourself the freedom to experiment. Whether you're aiming for the perfect taste or presentation, each element from espresso extraction to the final serve plays a crucial role. So, go ahead, give it your best shot, and soon you'll be crafting café crema that not only looks impressive but tastes exquisite too.

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